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hpt45x.c

/*
 * Highpoint 45X ATARAID series metadata format handler.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2004-2008  Heinz Mauelshagen, Red Hat GmbH.
 *                          All rights reserved.
 *
 * See file LICENSE at the top of this source tree for license information.
 */

/*
 * hpt45x_read(), hpt45x_group() and group_rd() profited from
 * Carl-Daniel Hailfinger's raiddetect code.
 */
#define     HANDLER "hpt45x"

#include "internal.h"
#define     FORMAT_HANDLER
#include "hpt45x.h"

#if   BYTE_ORDER != LITTLE_ENDIAN
#  define   DM_BYTEORDER_SWAB
#  include  <datastruct/byteorder.h>
#endif

static const char *handler = HANDLER;

/* Make up RAID set name from magic_0 number */
/* FIXME: better name ? */
static size_t
_name(struct hpt45x *hpt, char *str, size_t len, unsigned int subset)
{
      const char *fmt;

      if (hpt->magic_0)
            fmt = subset ? "hpt45x_%u-%u" : "hpt45x_%u";
      else
            fmt = "hpt45x_SPARE";

      return snprintf(str, len, fmt, hpt->magic_0, hpt->raid1_disk_number);
}

static char *
name(struct lib_context *lc, struct raid_dev *rd, unsigned int subset)
{
      size_t len;
      char *ret;
      struct hpt45x *hpt = META(rd, hpt45x);

      if ((ret = dbg_malloc((len = _name(hpt, NULL, 0, subset) + 1)))) {
            _name(hpt, ret, len, subset);
            mk_alpha(lc, ret + HANDLER_LEN, len - HANDLER_LEN -
                   (strrchr(ret, '-') ? 3 : 1));
      } else
            log_alloc_err(lc, handler);

      return ret;
}

/*
 * Retrieve status of device.
 * FIXME: is this sufficient to cover all state ?
 */
static enum status
status(struct hpt45x *hpt)
{
      return hpt->magic == HPT45X_MAGIC_BAD ? s_broken : s_ok;
}

/* Neutralize disk type */
static enum type
type(struct hpt45x *hpt)
{
      /* Mapping of HPT 45X types to generic types */
      static struct types types[] = {
            { HPT45X_T_SPAN, t_linear },
            { HPT45X_T_RAID0, t_raid0 },
            { HPT45X_T_RAID1, t_raid1 },
            /* FIXME: handle RAID 4+5 */
            { 0, t_undef },
      };

      return hpt->magic_0 ? rd_type(types, (unsigned int) hpt->type) :
            t_spare;
}

/* Decide about ordering sequence of RAID device. */
static int
dev_sort(struct list_head *pos, struct list_head *new)
{
      return META(RD(new), hpt45x)->disk_number <
             META(RD(pos), hpt45x)->disk_number;
}

/* Decide about ordering sequence of RAID subset. */
static int
set_sort(struct list_head *pos, struct list_head *new)
{
      return META(RD_RS(RS(new)), hpt45x)->raid1_disk_number <
             META(RD_RS(RS(pos)), hpt45x)->raid1_disk_number;
}

/*
 * Group the RAID disk into a HPT45X set.
 *
 * Check device hierarchy and create super set appropriately.
 */
static unsigned int
stride(unsigned int shift)
{
      return shift ? (1 << shift) : 0;
}

static void
super_created(struct raid_set *super, void *private)
{
      super->type = t_raid1;
      super->stride = stride(META((private), hpt45x)->raid1_shift);
}

static int
group_rd(struct lib_context *lc, struct raid_set *rs,
       struct raid_set **ss, struct raid_dev *rd)
{
      struct hpt45x *hpt = META(rd, hpt45x);

      if (!init_raid_set(lc, rs, rd, stride(hpt->raid0_shift),
                     hpt->type, handler))
            return 0;

      list_add_sorted(lc, &rs->devs, &rd->devs, dev_sort);

      switch (hpt->type) {
      case HPT45X_T_SPAN:
      case HPT45X_T_RAID1:
            no_raid10:
            if (!find_set(lc, NULL, rs->name, FIND_TOP))
                  list_add_tail(&rs->list, LC_RS(lc));

            break;

      case HPT45X_T_RAID0:
            if (hpt->raid1_type != HPT45X_T_RAID1)
                  goto no_raid10;
            /*
             * RAID10:
             *
             * We've got a striped raid set with a mirror on top
             * when we get here.
             * Let's find and optionally allocate the mirror set on top.
             */
            if (!(*ss = join_superset(lc, name, super_created,
                                set_sort, rs, rd)))
                  return 0;
      }

      return 1;
}

/*
 * Add a Highpoint RAID device to a set.
 */
static struct raid_set *
hpt45x_group(struct lib_context *lc, struct raid_dev *rd)
{
      struct raid_set *rs, *ss = NULL;

      if (T_SPARE(rd))
            return NULL;

      if ((rs = find_or_alloc_raid_set(lc, rd->name, FIND_ALL, rd,
                               NO_LIST, NO_CREATE, NO_CREATE_ARG)))
            return group_rd(lc, rs, &ss, rd) ? (ss ? ss : rs) : NULL;

      return NULL;
}

/*
 * Read a Highpoint 45X RAID device.
 */
/* Endianess conversion. */
#if   BYTE_ORDER == LITTLE_ENDIAN
#  define   to_cpu      NULL
#else
static void
to_cpu(void *meta)
{
      struct hpt45x *hpt = meta;

      CVT32(hpt->magic);
      CVT32(hpt->magic_0);
      CVT32(hpt->magic_1);
      CVT32(hpt->total_secs);
}
#endif

/* Magic check. */
static int
is_hpt45x(struct lib_context *lc, struct dev_info *di, void *meta)
{
      struct hpt45x *hpt = meta;

      return (hpt->magic == HPT45X_MAGIC_OK ||
            hpt->magic == HPT45X_MAGIC_BAD) &&
             hpt->disk_number < 8;
}

static int setup_rd(struct lib_context *lc, struct raid_dev *rd,
                struct dev_info *di, void *meta, union read_info *info);
static struct raid_dev *
hpt45x_read(struct lib_context *lc, struct dev_info *di)
{
      return read_raid_dev(lc, di, NULL,
                       sizeof(struct hpt45x), HPT45X_CONFIGOFFSET,
                       to_cpu, is_hpt45x, NULL, setup_rd, handler);
}

/*
 * Write a Highpoint 45X RAID device.
 */
static int
hpt45x_write(struct lib_context *lc, struct raid_dev *rd, int erase)
{
      int ret;
#if   BYTE_ORDER != LITTLE_ENDIAN
      struct hpt45x *hpt = META(rd, hpt45x);

      to_disk(hpt);
#endif
      ret = write_metadata(lc, handler, rd, -1, erase);
#if   BYTE_ORDER != LITTLE_ENDIAN
      to_cpu(hpt);
#endif
      return ret;
}

/*
 * Check a Highpoint 45X RAID set.
 *
 * FIXME: more sanity checks.
 */
static unsigned int
devices(struct raid_dev *rd, void *context)
{
      return META(rd, hpt45x)->raid_disks;
}

static int
hpt45x_check(struct lib_context *lc, struct raid_set *rs)
{
      return check_raid_set(lc, rs, devices, NULL,
                        NO_CHECK_RD, NULL, handler);
}

/*
 * IO error event handler.
 */
static int
event_io(struct lib_context *lc, struct event_io *e_io)
{
      struct raid_dev *rd = e_io->rd;
      struct hpt45x *hpt = META(rd, hpt45x);

      /* Avoid write trashing. */
      if (S_BROKEN(status(hpt)))
            return 0;

      hpt->magic = HPT45X_MAGIC_BAD;
      return 1;
}

static struct event_handlers hpt45x_event_handlers = {
      .io = event_io,
      .rd = NULL,       /* FIXME: no device add/remove event handler yet. */
};

#ifdef DMRAID_NATIVE_LOG
/*
 * Log native information about an HPT45X RAID device.
 */
static void
hpt45x_log(struct lib_context *lc, struct raid_dev *rd)
{
      unsigned int i;
      struct hpt45x *hpt = META(rd, hpt45x);

      log_print(lc, "%s (%s):", rd->di->path, handler);
      DP("magic: 0x%x", hpt, hpt->magic);
      DP("magic_0: 0x%x", hpt, hpt->magic_0);
      DP("magic_1: 0x%x", hpt, hpt->magic_1);
      DP("total_secs: %u", hpt, hpt->total_secs);
      DP("type: %u", hpt, hpt->type);
      DP("raid_disks: %u", hpt, hpt->raid_disks);
      DP("disk_number: %u", hpt, hpt->disk_number);
      DP("raid0_shift: %u", hpt, hpt->raid0_shift);
      for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
            P2("dummy[%u]: 0x%x", hpt, i, hpt->dummy[i]);
      DP("raid1_type: %u", hpt, hpt->raid1_type);
      DP("raid1_raid_disks: %u", hpt, hpt->raid1_raid_disks);
      DP("raid1_disk_number: %u", hpt, hpt->raid1_disk_number);
      DP("raid1_shift: %u", hpt, hpt->raid1_shift);

      for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
            P2("dummy1[%u]: 0x%x", hpt, i, hpt->dummy1[i]);
}
#endif

static struct dmraid_format hpt45x_format = {
      .name = HANDLER,
      .descr = "Highpoint HPT45X",
      .caps = "S,0,1,10",
      .format = FMT_RAID,
      .read = hpt45x_read,
      .write = hpt45x_write,
      .group = hpt45x_group,
      .check = hpt45x_check,
      .events = &hpt45x_event_handlers,
#ifdef DMRAID_NATIVE_LOG
      .log = hpt45x_log,
#endif
};

/* Register this format handler with the format core. */
int
register_hpt45x(struct lib_context *lc)
{
      return register_format_handler(lc, &hpt45x_format);
}

/* Calculate RAID device size in sectors depending on RAID type. */
static uint64_t
sectors(struct raid_dev *rd, void *meta)
{
      struct hpt45x *hpt = meta;

      switch (rd->type) {
      case t_raid0:
            return hpt->total_secs /
                  (hpt->raid_disks ? hpt->raid_disks : 1);

      case t_raid1:
            return hpt->total_secs;

      default:
            return rd->meta_areas->offset;
      }
}

/* Set the RAID device contents up derived from the Highpoint ones */
static int
setup_rd(struct lib_context *lc, struct raid_dev *rd,
       struct dev_info *di, void *meta, union read_info *info)
{
      struct hpt45x *hpt = meta;

      if (!(rd->meta_areas = alloc_meta_areas(lc, rd, handler, 1)))
            return 0;

      rd->meta_areas->offset = HPT45X_CONFIGOFFSET >> 9;
      rd->meta_areas->size = sizeof(*hpt);
      rd->meta_areas->area = (void *) hpt;

      rd->di = di;
      rd->fmt = &hpt45x_format;

      rd->status = status(hpt);
      rd->type = type(hpt);

      rd->offset = HPT45X_DATAOFFSET;
      if (!(rd->sectors = sectors(rd, hpt)))
            return log_zero_sectors(lc, di->path, handler);

      return (rd->name = name(lc, rd, hpt->raid1_type == HPT45X_T_RAID1)) ?
            1 : 0;
}

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